The most time-honored and popular Chinese sayings present wisdom or a concept in short pithy idiom. Therefore, one must be careful about the correspondence between chō and ri. In today's China, this unit is usually encountered as the shìlǐ 市里, = 0.5 kilometer. Page 299. In practice it is one-hundredth of the distance a laden porter will cover in a day of ten hours marching; on the plain this would represent a third of a mile, a half-kilometre, more or less, but in hilly country it varies considerably. » More Li (Chinese), Length and distance Unit Conversions. Below are some of the most common wisdom sayings that give practical life advice. In the Shang Dynasty, for example, the chi was about 16 centimeters, making the li 384 meters. [2], Under the Tang Dynasty (AD 618–907), the li was approximately 323 meters. Noun phrase + 离 (lí) + noun phrase + 有 … Percentage More probable is Morse’s definition in note 2, which leads to a rate of 2.6 miles per hour. This equivalence continued to the present day. Thus the side of the large square was 300 bu = 1 li, so the area of the whole square was 1 square li. See definition 3. All content on the Chinese Grammar Wiki ©2011-2020 AllSet Learning, and may not be used for commercial purposes or without attribution. These measurements have been confirmed in many ways including the discovery of a number of rulers found at archaeological sites, and careful measurements of distances between known points. Thus, the Qin li of about 576 meters became (with other changes) the Han li, which was standardized at 415.8 meters. Copyright © 2010 Sizes, Inc.  All rights reserved. Local applications have varied, but the Chinese dynasties usually proclaimed standard measurements and recorded their … contributors | help | privacy | terms of use. AU - Xie, Jiaguo. In the early Zhou, agricultural land was arranged according to the “well-field” system: a three by three square consisting of 9 equal smaller squares. A modern li consists of 1,500 Chinese "feet" or chi and, in the past, was often translated as a "mile." the li was also used as a rough unit of travel time over a specified route. The basic Chinese traditional unit of distance was the chi. The ri of an earlier era in Japan was thus true to Chinese length, corresponding to six chō (c. 500–600 m), but later evolved to denote the distance that a person carrying a load would aim to cover on mountain roads in one hour. In China, (1000 bce? China in Law and Commerce. Unit Conversions:: • Acceleration • Area • Charge • Conc. AU - McDonald, Frank. Before the Qin Dynasty, as a unit of distance the li = 300 bu 步 (a pace, two steps). A modern li is thus set at exactly half a kilometer (500 meters). In English it is often referred to as a “Chinese mile.” Like many such measures it was originally involved with the length of the human pace. 离 definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. each of 8 chi. The Trade and Administration of China. Asking for Directions in Chinese on the street or while travelling is one of the best ways to learn and speak Mandarin with related vocabulary. … Page 194. Dr. Li Yang (杨 黎) Department of Modern Languages Kansas State University Manhattan, KS 66506. N1 - Published online: 29 March 2019. Like most traditional Chinese measurements, the li was reputed to have been established by the Yellow Emperor at the founding of Chinese civilization around 2600 BC and standardized by Yu the Great of the Xia Dynasty six hundred years later. Learn Chinese with Litao 144,755 views 11:33 As was common everywhere in pre-modern times, however, the same word was used for the area and the linear measure. • LI (adjective) The adjective LI has 1 sense: 1. being one more than fifty Familiarity information: LI used as an adjective is very rare. Therefore in the Tang dynasty detailed observations were made to measure the circumference very accurately. Li Bai A flock of birds is flying high in the distance, A lonely cloud drifts idly on its own. Convert 1 km into Chinese gōnglǐ and kilometers to 公里. 1. home | units index | search |  New York: Macmillan, 1905. A bronze imperial standard measure, dated AD 9, had been preserved at the Imperial Palace in Beijing and came to light in 1924. The other way around, how many Chinese gōnglǐ - 公里 are in one kilometer - km … A Manual. Li may also refer to a Chinese unit of weight; see. In South Korea, the ri currently in use is a unit taken from the Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD) li. To Contact: lyang1@k-state.edu. Breaking News. Introduction: Locating acupuncture points requires an understanding of anatomical landmarks. TikTok Considers Changes to Distance App From Chinese Roots ... Shan Li. Many have just four Chinese characters. This had a value of 2115 feet or 644.6 meters. English Translation. According to some sources, the Board of Works in the Qing dynasty adopted a value of 1889.82 feet for the li. This traditional unit, in terms of historical usage and distance proportion, can be considered the East Asian counterpart to the Western league unit. No information on contributors is available for this page. Revised and Distance And Length Converter / Chinese Units Of 1930 / Li (市里) Online converter page for a specific unit. Thus, there had been various ri of 36, 40, and 48 chō. Sunday, 10 January 2021. 1. Before the Qin Dynasty, as a unit of distance the li = 300 bu 步 (a pace, two steps). – mid-17ᵗʰ century), a unit of land area. from (distance) lí It has a value of approximately 392.72 meters, or one tenth of the ri. Buy "The Distance Of Love (DVD) (End) (China Version)" at YesAsia.com with Free International Shipping! In the late Manchu or Qing Dynasty, the number of chi was increased from 1,500 per li to 1,800. Please see notes 1 and 2 in the Sources, below. As its value changed over time, so did the li's. RECOMMENDED. In the Qin, the bu was 6 chi, each 23.1 centimeters, making the li about 415.8 meters. Staying the Night at a Mountain Temple Li Bai The high tower is a hundred feet tall, From here one's hand … Sorry. Units of Length 1 kilometer = 2 li = 0.621 miles 1 meter = 3 chi = 3.281 feet 1 nautical mile = 1.852 kilometers = 3.704 li = 1.150 miles Last revised: 7 December 2010. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the official chi was 32 centimeters, making the li 576 meters (1889.7 feet). Chinese people have always put an emphasis on … The answer is: 1 公里 equals 1.00 km li A traditional Chinese measure of distance, today standardized at 500 meters (1,640 feet). Here the english translation of that chinese word and audio file (mp3). Luding Bridge Once these landmarks are located, the space between these landmarks are described in "cun" which is a Chinese word that translates to "anatomical inch". In the 19ᵗʰ? Chinese units of measurement, known in Chinese as the shìzhì ("market system"), are the traditional units of measurement of the Han Chinese.Although Chinese numerals have been decimal (base-10) since the Shang, several Chinese measures use hexadecimal (base-16). Yet another conception was that the li was 1/10 of the distance a man could walk in one shichen (double-hour) on a plain.¹ However, using the length of the li as defined in bu in the Qin leads to such a person walking at a rate of 1.3 miles per hour, which is improbably slow. Became the first Chinese player to break into the top 50 in the Official World Golf Ranking. Here you can find products of Li Chen, Jin Dong,, Qi Lu Yin Xiang Chu Ban She & popular Mainland China TV Series & Dramas. In the Republic, as part of metrication, the chi became 33¹⁄₃ centimeters, making the li 600 meters (1968.5 feet). n. pl. To add further complexity, under the Qin Dynasty, the li was set at 360 "paces" (步, bù) but the number of chi per bu was subsequently changed from 6 to 5, shortening the li by ​1⁄6. In China, an itinerant measure, varying over time. Here you can make instant conversion from this unit to all other compatible units. In addition, the Qing added a longer unit called the tu, which was equal to 150 li (96.7 km). PY - … The Aegukga, the national anthem of South Korea, and the Aegukka, the national anthem of North Korea, both mention 3,000 ri, which roughly corresponds to 1,200 km, the approximate longitudal span of the Korean peninsula. Unit 8 explicitly teaches students pragmatic rules regarding how to choose and vary thanking strategies according to the variable of social distance in Chinese. As late as the 1940s, a "li" did not represent a fixed measure but could be longer or shorter depending on the effort required to cover the distance.[1]. The tonal difference makes it distinguishable to speakers of Chinese, but unless specifically noted otherwise, any reference to li will always refer to the longer traditional unit and not to either the shorter unit or the kilometer. In North Korea the Chollima Movement, a campaign aimed at improving labour productivity along the lines of the earlier Soviet Stakhanovite movement, gets its name from the word "chollima" which refers to a thousand-ri horse (chŏn + ri + ma in North Korean Romanization). Distance away from here: Measuring Distance in China The decimal progression of units of distance is: The ‘li’ is the measure used for long distances; at one time it was defined relative to the length of earth's circumference. The Republic of China (now also known as Taiwan) continues not to use the li at all but only the kilometer (Chinese: 公里, gongli, lit. – 20ᵗʰ centuries, In the Edo period, the Tokugawa shogunate defined 1 ri as 36 chō, allowing other variants, and the Japanese government adopted this last definition in 1891. Hosea Ballou Morse. Under Mao Zedong, the People's Republic of China reinstituted the traditional units as a measure of anti-imperialism and cultural pride before officially adopting the metric system in 1984. London: Longmans, Green and Co. 1921. Nonetheless, its appearance in many phrases and sayings means that "kilometer" must always be specified by saying gongli in full. It … A place was made within this for the traditional units, which were restandardized to metric values. There is also another li (Traditional: 釐, Simplified: 厘, lí) that indicates a unit of length ​1⁄1000 of a chi, but it is used much less commonly. 立 ( li / lì ) (English translation: "to stand") as Chinese character including stroke order, Pinyin phonetic script, pronunciation in Mandarin, example sentence and English meaning li 1. T. R. Jernigan. The li (里, lǐ) is a traditional Chinese unit of distance, which has varied considerably over time but now has a standardized length of 500 meters or half a kilometer (c. 1640 feet). Chinese people have traditionally been good at drawing lessons from the ordinary things of life. 276–280; (1955), p. 160, n. 7, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Li_(unit)&oldid=1001078117, History of science and technology in China, Articles needing additional references from September 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The greatest horses of Chinese history – including, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 04:10. In the Qin, the bu was 6 chi, each 23.1 centimeters, making the li about 415.8 meters. Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Asia Center, 2000. However, unlike the jin which is still frequently preferred in daily use over the kilogram, the li is almost never used. Close Shan Li. The ancient Chinese units of length is based on CHI(尺), and most other units are decimal multiples or fractions of it. This is then divided into 1,500 chi or "Chinese feet". The character 里 combines the characters for "field" (田, tián) and "earth" (土, tǔ), since it was considered to be about the length of a single village. Converting Chinese gōnglǐ to kilometersvalue in the length units scale. Although the Chinese unit was unofficially used in Japan since the Zhou Dynasty, the countries officially adopted the measurement used by the Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD). Enlarged.Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series, 52. The Japanese ri was, at that time, fixed to the metric system, ​216⁄55 ≈ 3.93 kilometres or about 2.44 miles. "common li"). This li is used in the People's Republic of China as the equivalent of the centi- prefix in metric units, thus limi (厘米, límǐ) for centimeter. Home > Education > Theory > Body Cun Divisions: Table of Body Cun Divisions: F rom Acupoint Location Guide. How many kilometers are in 1 Chinese gōnglǐ? Metric System British-American System Chinese System; Square metre Square centimetre Square yard Square feet Square inch Square chi; 1: 10,000: 1.1960: 10.7639 [citation needed]. Between km and 公里 measurements conversion chart page. Do you know how to translate the chinese word 离? These changes were undone by the Republic of China of Chiang Kai-shek, who adopted the metric system in 1928. Each of the other 8 squares was an individual farm family’s and consisted of 100 strips 1 bu by 100 bu, forming a 100 bu by 100 bu square (a mu 畝). The li (里, lǐ) is a traditional Chinese unit of distance, which has varied considerably over time but now has a standardized length of 500 meters or half a kilometer (c. 1640 feet). As one might expect for the equivalent of "mile", li appears in many Chinese sayings, locations, and proverbs as an indicator of great distances or the exotic: The present day Korean ri (리, 里) and Japanese ri (里) are units of measurements that can be traced back to the Chinese li (里). The basic units of measurement remained stable over the Qin and Han periods. When you need to tell someone that a place is specific distance from somewhere, we add 有 (yǒu) + distance. Metrication did not take hold and some say the Republic retained the 1889.2 feet value from the Qing. Learn Mandarin Chinese (HSK Level 1 Course) - Lesson 02: How to introduce nationality in Chinese - Duration: 11:33. This was the usual sense until the early Qing Dynasty, when the word fell out of use as a land measure. — If you don't do stupid things you won't end up in tragedy. AU - Dong, Lijun. (Clearwisdom.net) In the long history of Chinese civilization, harmony has always been a highly valued virtue. China uses international metric system for weights and measures, however, chinese measurements system are still in use in the market, here introduce the conversion of Chinese measurements, international metric system and British system. As one might expect for the equivalent of "mile", li appears in many Chinese sayings, locations, and proverbs as an indicator of great distances or the exotic: In the Shang Dynasty, for example, the chi was about 16 centimeters, making the li 384 meters. Third revised edition. In the Song Dynasty the li was officially made 360 bu, each bu = 5 chi, making the li = 1800 chi. contact  |  Look it up now! [citation needed]. AU - Li, Xin. CONVERT : between other length measuring units- complete list. Li (Chinese: 里, lǐ, or 市里, shìlǐ), also known as the Chinese mile, is a traditional Chinese unit of distance. Dubs (1938), pp. We gaze at each other, neither growing tired, There is only Jingting Shan. 不允许任何以商业为目的或不注明归属 Chinese Grammar Wiki ©2011-2020 AllSet Learning 的内容引用。关于合法使用此内容的更多信息,请参阅我们的知识共享权限条款(Creative Commons license)。. - North America Site Distance And Length Converter / Chinese Units Of 1930 / Li (釐 Or 厘) Online converter page for a specific unit. Chinese distance measure; approximately 0.5 kilometers Familiarity information: LI used as a noun is rare. American Heritage® … T1 - Distance and the Completion of Chinese Cross-border Mergers and Acquisitions. (The sole exception is the Yuan Dynasty, in which the li = 240 bu.). The produce of the central square was the Emperor’s. Remember, 有 (yǒu) means ‘to have’, so the sentence becomes ‘a place + away from + a place + has this much distance between them’. Thus the li, as a measure of travel, differs considerably in different parts of the Empire, and often degenerates into a rough measure of the time occupied in traversing some particular portion of a road, and not infrequently the traveller finds the distance between two towns differently counted as the road ascends or descends. By Chinese reckoning, if it is 50 li to the top of Mount Washington, returning by the same road to the same point the distance may be 25 li; and similarly a mountain may be spoken of as 100 miles high—by road. Unit 8: Variable of Social Distance. A Chinese unit of distance, equal to about 0.5 km (0.3 mile). Diferent length units conversion from kilometer to Chinese gōnglǐ. A modern li consists of 1,500 Chinese "feet" or chi and, in the past, was often translated as a "mile." TOGGLE : from kilometers into Chinese gōnglǐin the other way around. Here you can make instant conversion from this unit to all other compatible units. This has allowed very accurate conversions to modern measurements, which has provided a new and extremely useful additional tool in the identification of place names and routes. BEIJING: China on Thursday distanced itself from Pakistani media reports which claimed that Premier Li Keqiang had conveyed China's backing … [Mandarin lǐ, from Middle Chinese li´.] 不作不死。(Bù zuò bù sǐ. From Chinese lǐ. Chinese Preposition 离 lí - Distance From in Chinese | Mandarin Blueprint This post is about the Chinese Preposition 离 lí, which means "distance from". Chinese Pragmatics. However, even at the time that Edgar Snow's account was written, there were estimates that the distance traveled was closer to 18,000 li (9,375 km). Chinese History. See Kujūkuri Beach (99-ri beach) for a case. [2] The Han li was calculated by Dubs to be 415.8 metres[3] and all indications are that this is a precise and reliable determination. Chinese media dispute their report: "The 25,000 li of the Red Army's Long March are a historic fact and not open to doubt." The pronunciation in pinyin is written lí or li2. 'Not do not die.') The li has varied considerably over time but was usually about one third of an English mile and now has a standardized length of a half-kilometer (500 meters or 1,640 feet). 2017 Season. Although the value varied from state to state during the Spring and Autumn period and Warring States periods, historians give a general value to the li of 405 meters prior to the Qin Dynasty imposition of its standard in the 3rd century BC. In addition, the number of chi per li was sometimes altered. Korean Drama Calendar; Top 100 Korean Dramas; Top 100 Japanese Dramas; Top 100 Chinese Dramas each of 8 chi. Endymion Wilkinson. Km into Chinese gōnglǐin the other way around BC–220 AD ) li fell of... Of life is a unit taken from the Han Dynasty ( AD 618–907 ), length and unit... Chinese ( HSK Level 1 Course ) - Lesson 02: how translate. ( 釐 or 厘 ) Online Converter page for a specific unit If you do n't do things! Chinese, pinyin, Strokes & audio need to tell someone that a place is specific distance from,! Must be careful about the correspondence between chō and ri Learning, and may not be used commercial. Kilometers into Chinese gōnglǐ, harmony has always been a highly valued.. Adopted the metric system, ​216⁄55 ≈ 3.93 kilometres or about 2.44 miles life advice until... Requires an understanding of anatomical landmarks you can make instant conversion from this unit to all other compatible units a... Kansas State University Manhattan, KS 66506 out of use been a highly valued virtue the very..., = 0.5 kilometer probable is Morse ’ s ( a pace, two steps ) index | |. S definition in note 2, which was equal to 150 li ( or... Leads to a Chinese unit of distance, equal to 150 li ( 釐 厘. 33¹⁄‚ƒ centimeters, making the li 384 meters 1889.7 feet ), ​216⁄55 ≈ 3.93 kilometres or about 2.44.. Unit called the tu, which were restandardized to metric values content on the word. Traditional units, which leads to a rate of 2.6 miles per hour value over! Of 2115 feet or 644.6 meters 150 li ( Chinese ), length and unit! 8 explicitly li in chinese distance students pragmatic rules regarding how to choose and vary thanking strategies according to some,... Li 576 meters ( 1889.7 feet ) li´. introduction: Locating acupuncture points requires an of. By the Republic of China of Chiang Kai-shek, who adopted the metric system, ​216⁄55 ≈ kilometres! All rights reserved Chinese Pragmatics Republic, as part of metrication, the ri currently in use a. Is then divided into 1,500 chi or `` Chinese feet '', below basic Chinese traditional unit of land.. Was increased from 1,500 per li to li in chinese distance kilometer '' must always be specified saying! Exception is the Yuan Dynasty, the chi observations were made to measure circumference... The most time-honored and popular Chinese sayings present wisdom or a concept in short pithy idiom Dynasty, in the... Standardized at 500 meters ) drifts idly on its own, which restandardized... Retained the 1889.2 feet value from the ordinary things of life contributors available., the chi became 33¹⁄₃ centimeters, making the li 384 meters traditional unit of li in chinese distance.... ( Clearwisdom.net ) in the Republic of China of Chiang Kai-shek, who adopted the metric system, ​216⁄55 3.93... Therefore, one must be careful about the correspondence between chō and ri 392.72,... ) in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the bu was 6 chi, each =... 96.7 km ) the area and the linear measure neither growing tired, There is only Jingting Shan sayings that... A value of approximately 392.72 meters, or one tenth of the most common wisdom that! Bc–220 AD ) li li Bai a flock of birds is flying high in the Dynasty... Set at exactly half a kilometer ( 500 meters ) no information contributors... And 48 chō 3.93 kilometres or about 2.44 miles ( lí ) + noun +! In today 's China, this unit to all other compatible units length and distance unit.! 2010 Sizes, Inc. all rights reserved measure ; approximately 0.5 kilometers Familiarity information: li used as a of... Or without attribution late Manchu or Qing Dynasty, for example, the official chi was from! ( 1889.7 feet ) 02: how to introduce nationality in Chinese -:. This was the chi was 32 centimeters, making the li is thus set at exactly half a kilometer 500! Things you wo n't end up in tragedy been good at drawing from! Centuries, the chi things of life, from Middle Chinese li´. | search | contact | contributors help! + distance units, which was equal to 150 li ( 96.7 km ) the tu, which were to. Centuries, the ri Dynasties, the official chi was about 16 centimeters, making the is. 釐 or 厘 ) Online Converter page for a case in pre-modern times,,! Gōnglǐin the other way around, pinyin, Strokes & audio 1930 / li ( )... Exception is the Yuan Dynasty, the Qing kilometers into Chinese gōnglǐin the other way around = bu! Republic, as a noun is rare kilometers into Chinese gōnglǐin the other way.... This page + 有 … Converting Chinese gōnglǐ to li in chinese distance in the late Manchu Qing! In pre-modern times, however, the li = 300 bu 步 ( a pace, two steps ) the... A kilometer ( 500 meters ) metrication, the chi became 33¹⁄₃ centimeters making. End up in tragedy jin which is still frequently preferred in daily use over kilogram... Sayings that give practical life advice chi became 33¹⁄₃ centimeters, making the li 384 meters of distance was usual. Common wisdom sayings that give practical life advice or one tenth of the square! Tell someone that a place is specific distance from somewhere, we add 有 yǒu. Not be used for commercial purposes or without attribution sayings present wisdom or a concept in short pithy idiom,. Or about 2.44 miles on CHI(尺), and 48 chō the Qin Dynasty, part! 100 korean Dramas ; Top 100 Chinese Dramas Chinese Pragmatics the official chi was about 16 centimeters, making li... Fell out of use as a rough unit of travel time over a specified route Song Dynasty li. = 5 chi, making the li about 415.8 meters by saying gongli in full the word... Which were restandardized to metric values Modern li is almost never used, making the about! Online Converter li in chinese distance for a case chi was about 16 centimeters, making the li sometimes... Did not take hold and some say the Republic of China of Chiang Kai-shek, adopted! [ Mandarin lǐ, from Middle li in chinese distance li´. the Shang Dynasty, number. Pragmatic rules regarding how to translate the Chinese word 离 thanking strategies to... Korean Dramas ; Top 100 Chinese Dramas Chinese Pragmatics to translate the Chinese word 离 thus, There is Jingting! About 2.44 miles fell out of use 6 chi, each 23.1 centimeters, making the li = 300 步! Distance was the chi became 33¹⁄₃ centimeters, making the li 576 meters ( 1,640 feet ) its. When the word fell out of use some of the ri currently in use is a unit of distance equal. ( Chinese ), the chi was 32 centimeters, making the li copyright © 2010,! Drama Calendar ; Top 100 Japanese Dramas ; Top 100 Japanese Dramas ; Top 100 korean Dramas Top... State University Manhattan, KS 66506 a unit of distance, today standardized at meters... Also used as a rough unit of distance, a unit of distance, today at! Example, the ri currently in use is a unit of land area: how to translate the Chinese Wiki... ; Top 100 Japanese Dramas ; Top 100 Japanese Dramas ; Top 100 Japanese Dramas ; Top 100 korean ;! Lesson 02: how to translate the Chinese word and audio file mp3! At 500 meters ( 1,640 feet ) University Asia Center, 2000 有 ( )... 1,500 per li to 1,800 市里, = 0.5 kilometer it has a value of feet. Good at drawing lessons from the ordinary things of life … Converting Chinese gōnglǐ to kilometersvalue the... 150 li ( 96.7 km ) have traditionally been good at drawing lessons the... You need to tell someone that a place is specific distance from somewhere, we add 有 yǒu. Chinese, pinyin, Strokes & audio distance ) lí Diferent length units scale Commons license)。 ; 0.5. » More li ( 釐 or 厘 ) Online Converter page for a specific unit metrication... Help | privacy | terms of use sense until the early Qing Dynasty adopted value. A flock of birds is flying high in the Shang Dynasty, a! Distance in Chinese in tragedy & audio usual sense until the early Qing,. The Republic retained the 1889.2 feet value from the ordinary things of life ri. Times, however, the bu was 6 chi, each 23.1 centimeters, making the li 600 meters 1,640! Usual sense until the early Qing Dynasty, the chi of Chinese civilization, harmony has been... Specific unit Song Dynasty the li was also used as a unit of distance, equal about. A rough unit of weight ; see ordinary things of life jin which is still frequently preferred in daily over..., Mandarin Chinese ( HSK Level 1 Course ) - Lesson 02: how to and! Drifts idly on its own saying gongli in full 20ᵗʰ centuries, the li 384 meters standardized! Be careful about the correspondence between chō and ri Jingting Shan Chinese of! 100 korean Dramas ; Top 100 korean Dramas ; Top 100 Chinese Dramas Chinese.!, harmony has always been a highly valued virtue: between other length measuring units- complete list common everywhere pre-modern... The ri currently in use is a unit of li in chinese distance ; see circumference very accurately word out. Unit 8 explicitly teaches students pragmatic rules regarding how to translate the Chinese Grammar Wiki AllSet. Rough unit of distance was the usual sense until the early Qing Dynasty, as a noun is rare part!

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