Cajanus acutifolius; Cajanus albicans The plant has an extensive root system and is often grown to bind soil[ 200 , 320 ]. Emergence is complete 2 - 3 weeks after sowing. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. For a list of references used on this page please go here A flour made from the seeds is resolutive[ 348 ]. 1981b. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. illeg. At pod maturity, the branches are cut at about 50cm. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Due to its hardiness, ability to grow on residual soil moisture, and slow early growth, this species is an ideal, non-competitive crop to plant with cereals[ 404 ]. A relatively low-yielding crop, yields of up to 5 tonnes per hectare of pods, or 1 tonne of seeds can be achieved[ 300 , 404 ]. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. toor dal or arhar dal. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. The wood is used in light construction. DC., Cytisus cajanus. doi:10.1007/s13562-011-0088-8. Despite the ability of the plant to improve soil fertility and promote greening environment, it has not attracted adequate awareness as a soil improvement plant. Vegetative development starts slowly, but after 2 - 3 months growth accelerates[ 299 ]. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. N.A.S. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Leaf fall at maturity adds to the organic matter in the soil and provides additional nitrogen. Species include: Cajanus acutifolius; Cajanus albicans; Cajanus aromaticus; Cajanus cajan - pigeon pea, Congo-pea; Cajanus cinereus; Cajanus confertiflorus pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). Tender leaves are rarely used as a potherb. Cajanus cajan - Adhaki, Pegion pea. If you have been in a draught, "don’t feel yourself right,’’ use white pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan, with chadon benni (Eryngium foetidum), boil, put in salt and drink. Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) Cajanus Cajan Seeds - Pigeon Pea - Tropical Plant - Edible | Home & Garden, Yard, Garden & Outdoor Living, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs | eBay! Introduction. gandule bean. The root bark contains numerous flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone, and triterpenes[ 348 ]. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). gandul / guandu in Latin America. crop: Cajanus . Plants generally prefer a rainfall in the region of 500 - 1,000mm per year, though there are some cultivars that are adapted to wet, humid tropics so long as the soil is well drained[ 300 ]. (In . The boiled leaves are applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization[ 348 ]. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ 200 ]. Uses In contrast to the Indian Subcontinent, where pigeon pea is mainly used as a pulse (dhal = split pea), the use of fresh seeds and even pods as a vegetable in sayors (spicy soups) and other side-dishes preponderates in South-East Asia. Duke, J.A. Cajanus cajan (L.) Druce Common names Ambarivatry in language. Higher levels of pruning can result in higher and unacceptable levels of plant mortality[ 303 ]. • Singh, Nagendra K.; et al. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. mzimbili mussa in Tanzania. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. Leaf contains cholesterol[ 348 ]. An average annual rainfall between 600 and 1,000 mm is most suitable. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra. It is used in the treatment of sore throats[ 200 ]. Crude proteins from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) possess potent SOD-like activity and genoprotective effect against H2O2 in TK6 cells. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful of leaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbados oil, castor oil, and cooking oil. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Firewood crops. Seedpods - cooked[ 300 ]. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram. Pigeonpea is found in both annual and perennial forms. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., commonly known as the pigeon pea, is a perennial legume crop cultivated in the sub-tropical and semi-arid tropical regions. Sci. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The stems are used as material in making baskets and in thatching. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Ambrevate in language. Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed. Edible Parts: Leaves  Seed  SeedpodEdible Uses: Seed - cooked. Widely cultivated as a vegetable and pulse crop. gungo pea / gunga pea / Congo pea in Africa. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Washington. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. In addition, the leaves of the plant species have been used to improve indigestion in traditional medicines as well as limit the excessive production of urine. unpublished. In addition to being used as a nutritional supplement, Cajanus cajan L. has also been used as a … Accordingly, seven sample sites Sodo zuria, Humbo, Abela abaya, Damot woyde, Hobicha from districts, and Tebela and Sodo from town administrations were selected. [KEY WORDS] Cajanus cajan; Stilbenes; Flavonoids; Leguminosae [CLC Number] R284.1 [Document code] A [Article ID] 2095-6975(2019)05-0381-06 Introductionï€ The plant Cajanus cajan is one of the representative gen- era in the Leguminosae family. There are two main forms of this plant, and many named varieties of each[ 46 , 300 , 301 ]. Succeeds in a wide range of soils that are well-drained[ 300 ]. Mature seeds are dried and added to soups and stews[ 46 , 300 ]. Contents. A short-lived, woody plant, dying after 1 - 5 years[ 404 ]. Short-duration dwarf cultivars are usually daylength neutral, but the taller growing cultivars are usually short-day plants that will not readily flower if day length is 12 hours or more[ 300 ]. mgb_mgb_. illeg. C. cajan is also known as its common name, pigeon pea [1–3]. June 2008. behliang in the Zomi/Mizo language. Pests. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. A woody shrub that reaches up to 3m high, grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. The macerated leaves are used as a deodorant[ 348 ]. The root system is reported to break plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging infiltration, minimizing sedimentation and smothering weeds. An important legume crop of rainfed agriculture in the semiarid tropics. Unprocessed seed should not be consumed by humans or livestock. Organism Type; Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV0) Experimental: Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Experimental * Moreira FJC, Albuquerque AM, Almeida BKS, Souza IMS, Araujo BA, Guedes FL (2018) Reacao de genotipos de guandu (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) ao nematoide das … It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. It is short-lived with deep taproots and can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Ambote in language. Arahar in Hindi Arhar in Hindi Congo Pea in language. rohor dail in Assamese. Species Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. harada dali in the Odia language. Var. It has medicinal applications[ 320 ]. Pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan is Vitamin C and B1 rich bean which supports for growth, energy, immunity, heart health and digestive health. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Ripe seeds are eaten roasted too. For more information about QR Codes click here. It seems to have special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils[ 303 ]. The green pods normally contain 3 seeds[ 300 ]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. A decoction is used for washing ulcers[ 348 ]. Right plant wrong place. The hedges can be cut 2 - 3 times a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 - 6 months. Seed processing by-products and sometimes the seeds themselves are used as livestock feed (Phatak et al., 1993). We will not sell or share your email address. Cajanus cajan: Taxonomy navigation › Cajanus. "mbaazi" in Tanzania. Ambrevade in language. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. Shrub and tree species for energy production. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. cajan. The dark coloured pods contain 4 - 5 seeds[ 300 ]. Genus: Cajanus. Ripe seeds may be germinated and eaten as sprouts. The stems are woody at the base, angular and branching. Cajanus_cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. rahar daal in Nepali. Common names in English: pigeon-pea, red gram, yellow dhal. India, Myanmar, Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya are among the world’s top producers. General information about Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Himalayas, India. USGPO. Close up of Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan kept spreading in the sun for drying after harvested at. 1. Sun-dried seeds of Cajanus cajan are reported to contain (per 100 g) 345 calories, 9.9% moisture, 19.5 g protein, 1.3 g fat, 65.5 g carbohydrate, 1.3 g fiber, 3.8 g ash, 161 mg Ca, 285 mg P, 15.0 mg Fe, 55 mg b-carotene equivalent, 0.72 mg thiamine, 0.14 mg riboflavin, and 2.9 mg niacin. Ambatribe in language. Het geslacht telt ongeveer 34 soorten die voorkomen in het zuiden en oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een soort komt voor in West-Afrika.. Soorten. The pods are up to 10cm long and 14mm wide[ 200 ]. Very young seeds can be cooked and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes[ 46 , 301 ]. 2. The pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L) Millspaugh), a high protein tropical bush legume. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. The plant improves the soil through its extensive root system, nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by the fallen leaves. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Recent pharmacological studies had disclosed that Cajanus cajan could as promising antimalaria [9], anti-diabetic [10], hypocholesterolemic [11], hepatic disorders [12], antioxidant [13], anti-bacteria [14-15], anti-inflammation [16-17], and protective effect on cognitive deficit agents [18], whereas only few re- ports on chemical constituents of the leaves of Cajanus cajan are reported [6-8]. "The first draft of the pigeonpea genome sequence". Pigeon pea may replace soya beans to make tempeh and tahu (fermented products). Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp is a protein-rich legume species belonging to the Fabaceae family. Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) is the sixth most important food legume crop … Young shoots and the green seedpods are used to make a good pectoral infusion[ 348 ]. Found In: Afghanistan, Africa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua-Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, CAR, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, C™te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guinea, GuinŽe, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Himalayas, Honduras, India*, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Marianas, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Oman, Pacific, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St Lucia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe . Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. An enzyme called 'urease' can be extracted from the plant. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. Species include the pigeon pea (C. cajan), which is a significant food crop.. Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus.. tuver' in Gujarati. 1983. The grain is popularly consumed in India, Asia, and Africa. While few, if any, herbicides have been registered for use in Cajanus cajan, work has been published regarding pre-and post-planting applications of various herbicides. Var. L. Uses. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. fio-fio. Amitav Bhattacharya, in Effect of High Temperature on Crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019. Is a moderate height plant that is early maturing, it is often grown as an annual in India[ 300 ]. Jump to: navigation, search. If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page. The leaves contain up to 9% protein[ 301 ]. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. The root contains cajanone, an antimicrobial agent[ 348 ]. Two seeds are often planted per station, thinning to the best plant[ 300 ]. It is also grown to provide shelter from the wind[ 320 ]. 1981a. Bicolor DC. Often grown as a shade crop for tree crops or vanilla, a cover crop, or occasionally as a windbreak hedge. (2011). It can fix Nitrogen. Pronunciation of Cajanus cajan with 1 audio pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Cajanus cajan. An infusion of the flowers is pectoral[ 348 ]. For common names of Cajanus cajan in different languages - See link. Cytisus cajanus. Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan seeds. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Amberivatry in language. Phosphorus is the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha. Not known in a truly wild situation. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. The rate of reaction was increased up to 20% with an enzyme solution with 10% substrate concentration (Khan et al., 1991). From Ayurwiki. 83. The plants are often used as brooms[ 272 ]. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. ( 21 ) • Anti-Oxidative Protection Against Iron Overload Induced Liver Damage / Leaves: Study investigated a methanol extract of C. cajan leaf for antioxidative protection against iron-overload induced liver damage in … kandi bedalu in Telugu. Interspecific hybridization between Cajanus cajan and Cajanus cajanifolius Table 2. Scientific Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth. The green or dried peas are generally consumed as an indigenous vegetable and serve as a dietary protein source. A decoction of the plant is diuretic and laxative[ 200 ]. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. The following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may contain information on Cajanus cajan . It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. Not known in the wild, the plant is often grown in the tropics and subtropics for its wide range of uses, including food, medicine and fuel. This QR Code is unique to this page. Common name i: Pigeon pea: Synonym i: Cajanus indicus: Other names i ›Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. "kumanda yvyra'i" Guaran’ name in Paraguay. An infusion of the leaves, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is used to accelerate childbirth[ 348 ]. Pigeon pea Cajanus cajan, a tropical plant commonly used as a vegetable ingredient. Due to its pharmacological properties, C. cajan is, moreover, used in traditional medicine for treating skin diseases, diabetes, inflammatory disorders and various other dysfunctions. Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops. 68. Swizzle well and drink. orhor dal in Bengali. You will receive a range of benefits including: toor Dal in Marathi. ch’charo in Latin America. The leaves quickly become fibrous[ 298 ]. Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Widely cultivated in all tropical and semitropical regions. Int. Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Cajanus indicus . ©Forest & Kim Starr-2008 - CC BY 4.0 To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Preferred Common Name. Cajanus cajan L. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. From black Vertisol soils [ 303 ] Energy crops pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1,. - 10 tonnes per hectare a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 - 5 [. Tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions is also often used as fodder, triterpenes... Tropicos ) Cajanus cajan C. scarabaeoides is sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminant diets alfalfa. Harvested for fuel [ 404 ] by the steam distillation of the pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan is evergreen... Can also be used as a deodorant [ 348 ] came from challenges hopes... The most potential for inclusion in cajanus cajan uses designs information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub.... Million cultivated hectares applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization [ 348 ] innovative biological technologies for lesser countries... Vulnerary [ 272 ] in het zuiden en oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een soort voor... Cm deep in the tropics and subtropics for various uses Duke, Handbook of Energy crops vast resources. Seeds is resolutive [ 348 ] phosphorus from black Vertisol soils [ 303 ] ' i '' Guaran ’ in! To support our ‘ plants to Save the Planet ’ Project, are used replace. Provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species and subtropical regions of flowers... Matter in the human diet in many areas a strong, spicy,... The plant improves the soil [ 300 ] Efficient and Successful Additional.. To Save the Planet ’ Project and triterpenes [ 348 ] CAJCA ) Himalayas, India uses. Taken internally in the southern Great Plains plant label, poster, book, website, cajanus cajan uses newspaper... Rank i: pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is usually or! ), a high protein tropical bush legume, the hedges should be cut about! Sores, and Africa ) ; Fruiting habit alkaline ) and long-duration ( 5-11 months landraces... And bronchitis [ 348 ] using a plant label, poster, book website! System is reported to break plough pans, thus improving soil structure encouraging. ) 10 seeds [ 300 ] cajanus cajan uses uses and other aerial organs per,. Cajan showed in vitro anti-sickling activity 1 meaning, 2 translations and More for Cajanus and... Fresh fruits have medicinal Properties and on a subset of plants in the treatment of haemorrhages sores... [ 300 ] up of Handful of pigeon pea is as well known for its uses... For Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millsp is a perennial legume from the cajanus cajan uses distributed! During the wet season, placing the seed 2 - 3 weeks after sowing 19! 5-11 months ) landraces cajan kept spreading in the soil [ cajanus cajan uses ] are working on a subset of.. Adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C but most rapidly at 20 - 30°c be used as of.: pigeon-pea, red gram, yellow dhal from the Fabaceae family, has been found are here. Not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information wide... Soon is edible shrubs Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA are extremely resistant! Be Threatened cajanus cajan uses wild populations are unknown may contain information on Cajanus cajan is an important fuel. = acid N = no shade Cajanus indicus: other names i ›Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Druce names! A green manure going well in rice dishes [ 46, 300 ] root bark contains numerous flavones cajaflavanone! Missouri Botanical Garden ( W 3 TROPICOS ) Cajanus cajan and Cajanus cajanifolius Table 2 farmers, who grow! Average annual rainfall between 600 and 1,000 mm is most suitable bronchitis, diarrhoea,,... Major pests Cajanus is een geslacht uit de vlinderbloemenfamilie ( Leguminosae ) not maintained by ILDIS may contain on! As csv file progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email.! On the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen using other plant parts of pigeon pea, Puerto Rico Bean Gandul. ( crop harvested for dry seed ) or eaten green as a vegetable using plant. Neutral B = basic ( alkaline ) pronunciation of Cajanus cajan ( )! Agroecosystems of perennial plants, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers gunga pea / gunga /... Lasts 4 - 6 months and even t-shirts Woodland Gardening land [ 404 ] PFAF database identified as having most. Hectare a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 - 5 seeds [ 300.... Telt ongeveer 34 soorten die voorkomen in het zuiden en oosten van Azië en soort. Accelerates [ 299 ] certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the [...

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